Orientalism refers to the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists. An "Orientalist" may be a person engaged in these activities, but it is also the traditional term for any scholar of Oriental studies. Orientalism was more widely used in art history referring mostly to the works of French artists in the 19th century, whose subject matter, color and style used elements from their travel to the Mediterranean countries of North Africa and the Near East (or western Asia).

These meanings were given a new twist by 20th century scholar Edward Said in his controversial book Orientalism, in which he uses the term to describe a Western tradition, both academic and artistic, of hostile and deprecatory views of the East, shaped by the attitudes of European imperialism in the 18th and 19th centuries. When used in this sense, Orientalism implies essentializing and prejudiced outsider interpretations of Eastern cultures and peoples. Said was critical of this scholarly tradition and also of certain modern scholars, particularly Bernard Lewis.

In contrast, some modern scholars have used the term to refer to writers of the Imperialist era who had pro-Eastern attitudes, as opposed to those who saw nothing of value in non-Western cultures.

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Page 9 of 89   Paintings: 1059
The Pashas Favourite Tiger - Rudolph Ernst - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Pashas Favourite Tiger
Rudolph Ernst
Abraham and Isaac at mount Moriah - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Abraham and Isaac at mount Moriah
William Brassey Hole
The capture of Jerusalem from the Jebusites - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The capture of Jerusalem from the Jebusites
William Brassey Hole
A Cafe in Algiers - Theodore Leblanc - www.orientalism-in-art.org
A Cafe in Algiers
Theodore Leblanc
Jesus preaching in the Temple - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus preaching in the Temple
William Brassey Hole
Turkish Bath Or Moorish Bath   Two Women - Jean-Léon Gérôme - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Turkish Bath Or Moorish Bath Two Women
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Angels declaring that Jesus is risen from the dead - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Angels declaring that Jesus is risen from the dead
William Brassey Hole
Annunciation - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Annunciation
William Brassey Hole
The Harem 4 - John Frederick Lewis - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Harem 4
John Frederick Lewis
The Primate - John Frederick Lewis - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Primate
John Frederick Lewis
The Carpet Sellers - Giulio Rosati - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Carpet Sellers
Giulio Rosati
Arabs Crossing a Flooded Field by the Pyramids 2 - Frederick Goodall - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Arabs Crossing a Flooded Field by the Pyramids 2
Frederick Goodall

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Page 9 of 89   Paintings: 1059