Orientalism refers to the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists. An "Orientalist" may be a person engaged in these activities, but it is also the traditional term for any scholar of Oriental studies. Orientalism was more widely used in art history referring mostly to the works of French artists in the 19th century, whose subject matter, color and style used elements from their travel to the Mediterranean countries of North Africa and the Near East (or western Asia).

These meanings were given a new twist by 20th century scholar Edward Said in his controversial book Orientalism, in which he uses the term to describe a Western tradition, both academic and artistic, of hostile and deprecatory views of the East, shaped by the attitudes of European imperialism in the 18th and 19th centuries. When used in this sense, Orientalism implies essentializing and prejudiced outsider interpretations of Eastern cultures and peoples. Said was critical of this scholarly tradition and also of certain modern scholars, particularly Bernard Lewis.

In contrast, some modern scholars have used the term to refer to writers of the Imperialist era who had pro-Eastern attitudes, as opposed to those who saw nothing of value in non-Western cultures.

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Page 9 of 89   Paintings: 1059
A Cottage Interior - Frederick Goodall - www.orientalism-in-art.org
A Cottage Interior
Frederick Goodall
Nehemiah makes his petition to Artaxerxes - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Nehemiah makes his petition to Artaxerxes
William Brassey Hole
The centurion beseaching Jesus on behalf of his servant - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The centurion beseaching Jesus on behalf of his servant
William Brassey Hole
Jesus in conversation with Nicodemus - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus in conversation with Nicodemus
William Brassey Hole
Nude Woman - Jean-Léon Gérôme - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Nude Woman
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Judas betraying Jesus with a kiss in the garden of... - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Judas betraying Jesus with a kiss in the garden of...
William Brassey Hole
Woman With A Rose - Leon Francois Comerre - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Woman With A Rose
Leon Francois Comerre
David and Goliath - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
David and Goliath
William Brassey Hole
Balaam blessing Israel - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Balaam blessing Israel
William Brassey Hole
Poppies   The Oriental Woman - Leon Francois Comerre - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Poppies The Oriental Woman
Leon Francois Comerre
The Death of Cleopatra - John Maler Collier - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Death of Cleopatra
John Maler Collier
The capture of Jerusalem from the Jebusites - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The capture of Jerusalem from the Jebusites
William Brassey Hole

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Page 9 of 89   Paintings: 1059