Orientalism refers to the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists. An "Orientalist" may be a person engaged in these activities, but it is also the traditional term for any scholar of Oriental studies. Orientalism was more widely used in art history referring mostly to the works of French artists in the 19th century, whose subject matter, color and style used elements from their travel to the Mediterranean countries of North Africa and the Near East (or western Asia).

These meanings were given a new twist by 20th century scholar Edward Said in his controversial book Orientalism, in which he uses the term to describe a Western tradition, both academic and artistic, of hostile and deprecatory views of the East, shaped by the attitudes of European imperialism in the 18th and 19th centuries. When used in this sense, Orientalism implies essentializing and prejudiced outsider interpretations of Eastern cultures and peoples. Said was critical of this scholarly tradition and also of certain modern scholars, particularly Bernard Lewis.

In contrast, some modern scholars have used the term to refer to writers of the Imperialist era who had pro-Eastern attitudes, as opposed to those who saw nothing of value in non-Western cultures.

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Page 8 of 89   Paintings: 1059
Jesus preaching in the Temple - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus preaching in the Temple
William Brassey Hole
Turkish Bath Or Moorish Bath   Two Women - Jean-Léon Gérôme - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Turkish Bath Or Moorish Bath Two Women
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Angels declaring that Jesus is risen from the dead - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Angels declaring that Jesus is risen from the dead
William Brassey Hole
The Carpet Sellers - Giulio Rosati - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Carpet Sellers
Giulio Rosati
A Muezzin Calling From The Top Of A Minaret The Faithful... - Jean-Léon Gérôme - www.orientalism-in-art.org
A Muezzin Calling From The Top Of A Minaret The Faithful...
Jean-Léon Gérôme
The meeting of Jacob and Joseph in Egypt - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The meeting of Jacob and Joseph in Egypt
William Brassey Hole
Marshal Ney Supporting the Rear Guard During the Retreat... - Adolphe Yvon - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Marshal Ney Supporting the Rear Guard During the Retreat...
Adolphe Yvon
The Procession Of The Sacred Bull Anubis - Frederick Arthur Bridgman - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Procession Of The Sacred Bull Anubis
Frederick Arthur Bridgman
Christ preaching to this disciples and others - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Christ preaching to this disciples and others
William Brassey Hole
Jesus commanding Matthew the publican to follow him - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus commanding Matthew the publican to follow him
William Brassey Hole
A Court In The Alhambra In The Time Of The Moors - Edwin Lord Weeks - www.orientalism-in-art.org
A Court In The Alhambra In The Time Of The Moors
Edwin Lord Weeks
Jesus showing himself to Peter and others by the Sea... - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus showing himself to Peter and others by the Sea...
William Brassey Hole

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Page 8 of 89   Paintings: 1059