Orientalism refers to the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists. An "Orientalist" may be a person engaged in these activities, but it is also the traditional term for any scholar of Oriental studies. Orientalism was more widely used in art history referring mostly to the works of French artists in the 19th century, whose subject matter, color and style used elements from their travel to the Mediterranean countries of North Africa and the Near East (or western Asia).

These meanings were given a new twist by 20th century scholar Edward Said in his controversial book Orientalism, in which he uses the term to describe a Western tradition, both academic and artistic, of hostile and deprecatory views of the East, shaped by the attitudes of European imperialism in the 18th and 19th centuries. When used in this sense, Orientalism implies essentializing and prejudiced outsider interpretations of Eastern cultures and peoples. Said was critical of this scholarly tradition and also of certain modern scholars, particularly Bernard Lewis.

In contrast, some modern scholars have used the term to refer to writers of the Imperialist era who had pro-Eastern attitudes, as opposed to those who saw nothing of value in non-Western cultures.

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Page 5 of 89   Paintings: 1059
King David purchasing the threshing floor - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
King David purchasing the threshing floor
William Brassey Hole
Israelites making bricks in Egypt - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Israelites making bricks in Egypt
William Brassey Hole
An angel announcing to the shepherds of Bethlehem the... - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
An angel announcing to the shepherds of Bethlehem the...
William Brassey Hole
A prophet of God denounces the idolatry of Jeroboam - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
A prophet of God denounces the idolatry of Jeroboam
William Brassey Hole
Harem Pool - Jean-Léon Gérôme - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Harem Pool
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Egyptian Dancing Girls Performing the Ghawazi at Rosetta... - Emile Prisse d'Avennes - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Egyptian Dancing Girls Performing the Ghawazi at Rosetta...
Emile Prisse d'Avennes
Jesus withe the one leper who returned to give thanks - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus withe the one leper who returned to give thanks
William Brassey Hole
Jesus meeting with a demoniac in the country of the... - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus meeting with a demoniac in the country of the...
William Brassey Hole
The Hookah Pipe - Tomas Moragas y Torras - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Hookah Pipe
Tomas Moragas y Torras
Jesus washing his disciples feet - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus washing his disciples feet
William Brassey Hole
Almehs playing Chess in a Café - Jean-Léon Gérôme - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Almehs playing Chess in a Café
Jean-Léon Gérôme
The death of king Josiah at Megiddo - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The death of king Josiah at Megiddo
William Brassey Hole

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Page 5 of 89   Paintings: 1059