Orientalism refers to the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists. An "Orientalist" may be a person engaged in these activities, but it is also the traditional term for any scholar of Oriental studies. Orientalism was more widely used in art history referring mostly to the works of French artists in the 19th century, whose subject matter, color and style used elements from their travel to the Mediterranean countries of North Africa and the Near East (or western Asia).

These meanings were given a new twist by 20th century scholar Edward Said in his controversial book Orientalism, in which he uses the term to describe a Western tradition, both academic and artistic, of hostile and deprecatory views of the East, shaped by the attitudes of European imperialism in the 18th and 19th centuries. When used in this sense, Orientalism implies essentializing and prejudiced outsider interpretations of Eastern cultures and peoples. Said was critical of this scholarly tradition and also of certain modern scholars, particularly Bernard Lewis.

In contrast, some modern scholars have used the term to refer to writers of the Imperialist era who had pro-Eastern attitudes, as opposed to those who saw nothing of value in non-Western cultures.

 First Prev   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   Next Last 
Page 4 of 89   Paintings: 1059
Jesus healing a woman in the crowd while on the way... - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus healing a woman in the crowd while on the way...
William Brassey Hole
Automedon with the Horses of Achilles 1868 - Henri Alexandre Georges Régnault - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Automedon with the Horses of Achilles 1868
Henri Alexandre Georges Régnault
Picking The Favourite - Giulio Rosati - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Picking The Favourite
Giulio Rosati
The Entreaty - Jean Antoine Laurent - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Entreaty
Jean Antoine Laurent
A Chat By The Fireside - Jean-Léon Gérôme - www.orientalism-in-art.org
A Chat By The Fireside
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Haifa - Leon Francois Comerre - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Haifa
Leon Francois Comerre
The stoning of Stephen - William Hatherell - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The stoning of Stephen
William Hatherell
The Indian Jugglers - J. Green - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Indian Jugglers
J. Green
The Tambourine - E. Raggi - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Tambourine
E. Raggi
Jesus at the house of Simon the Pharisee - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus at the house of Simon the Pharisee
William Brassey Hole
Favourite of the Harem - John Frederick Lewis - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Favourite of the Harem
John Frederick Lewis
Jesus healing a leper - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus healing a leper
William Brassey Hole

 First Prev   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   Next Last 
Page 4 of 89   Paintings: 1059