Orientalism refers to the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists. An "Orientalist" may be a person engaged in these activities, but it is also the traditional term for any scholar of Oriental studies. Orientalism was more widely used in art history referring mostly to the works of French artists in the 19th century, whose subject matter, color and style used elements from their travel to the Mediterranean countries of North Africa and the Near East (or western Asia).

These meanings were given a new twist by 20th century scholar Edward Said in his controversial book Orientalism, in which he uses the term to describe a Western tradition, both academic and artistic, of hostile and deprecatory views of the East, shaped by the attitudes of European imperialism in the 18th and 19th centuries. When used in this sense, Orientalism implies essentializing and prejudiced outsider interpretations of Eastern cultures and peoples. Said was critical of this scholarly tradition and also of certain modern scholars, particularly Bernard Lewis.

In contrast, some modern scholars have used the term to refer to writers of the Imperialist era who had pro-Eastern attitudes, as opposed to those who saw nothing of value in non-Western cultures.

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Page 2 of 89   Paintings: 1059
Picking The Favourite   Detail - Giulio Rosati - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Picking The Favourite Detail
Giulio Rosati
Jonathan defying the outposts of the Philistines - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jonathan defying the outposts of the Philistines
William Brassey Hole
The passover in Egypt - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The passover in Egypt
William Brassey Hole
A Royal Palace in Morocco - Benjamin Jean Joseph Constant - www.orientalism-in-art.org
A Royal Palace in Morocco
Benjamin Jean Joseph Constant
The Harem Beauties - Carl Libert August Lentz - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Harem Beauties
Carl Libert August Lentz
Rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem under Nehemiah - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem under Nehemiah
William Brassey Hole
The Blonde Woman - Leon Francois Comerre - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Blonde Woman
Leon Francois Comerre
Jesus being scourged - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Jesus being scourged
William Brassey Hole
Slave Market (or For Sale) - Jean-Léon Gérôme - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Slave Market (or For Sale)
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Nubian Women from the Kanoosee Tribe, Philae, illustration... - Emile Prisse d'Avennes - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Nubian Women from the Kanoosee Tribe, Philae, illustration...
Emile Prisse d'Avennes
Joseph and Mary arrive at Bethlehem but find there... - William Brassey Hole - www.orientalism-in-art.org
Joseph and Mary arrive at Bethlehem but find there...
William Brassey Hole
The Harem Bath - Rudolph Ernst - www.orientalism-in-art.org
The Harem Bath
Rudolph Ernst

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Page 2 of 89   Paintings: 1059